top of page
Arabic has 3 short vowels:
The vowel A – represented by a dash placed above the letter
The vowel I – represented by a dash placed below the letter
The vowel U – represented by a hook placed above the letter
There are 6 letters of the alphabet which give a rounded sound when pronounced. They have been identified in circles 1 to 6 on page 6 of the text below.
The letters in boxes 1 and 2 on page 6 below are known as the grating or guttural letters because the sounds come from the back of the throat.
Please repeat after the reader using the audio below.
bottom of page